Ancient martial art of Tai chi can help people recover from strokes
Sitting Tai Chi can be practiced in a chair or wheelchair
By Mark Waghorn via SWNS
Stroke recovery has been boosted by the ancient martial art of Tai chi, which can be done while sitting down, according to new research.
Tai chi combines deep breathing and slow and gentle movements. The meditative mind-body technique has been used for over 1,000 years.
Survivors who practiced a seated form had stronger hands and arms, more flexible shoulders, improved balance and less depression.
They were also more able to carry out daily chores and had a better quality of life after three months.
This was compared to peers who received a standard rehabilitation exercise program, reports the medical journal Stroke.
Lead author Dr. Jie Zhao, of Yunnan University, China, said: "Tai Chi has a long history as a form of exercise in China.
"We revised the Tai Chi movements for people who have weakness or partial limb paralysis.
"It is tailored so participants can move one arm with the help of the healthy arm."
The study involved 160 older men and women - half of whom were randomly assigned to the specially-designed routine.
More than 40 continued Tai Chi after the 12-week intervention. Benefits continued during a four-week follow-up.
Dr. Zhao said: "Sitting Tai Chi can be practiced in a chair or wheelchair and is very convenient since it can be done in your home.
"The program costs almost nothing to practice, and it doesn’t require any special equipment or travel time."
All patients had suffered an ischaemic stroke - where blood supply to the brain is blocked - in the last six months with hand and arm weakness or partial paralysis.
Tai Chi consists of a series of slow, careful movements of the hands, arms, neck, legs and core - in tandem with heavy breathing. Doing it sitting down is a novelty.
The others did hospital-recommended upper limb movements with amounts, implementation and caregiver responsibilities similar to the Tai Chi group.
The latter participants got individual training from an expert instructor for a week during hospitalization.
A self-guided video then enabled them to practice at home for three days a week for the next eleven weeks.
The control group received a self-guided video of standard exercises to carry out at home for 12 weeks. All volunteers were supervised by family members and caregivers.
Most, 69 and 65 in the Tai Chi and control groups respectively, completed the full 16-week trial.
Physical function and psychological state were measured via questionnaires and assessment tools at the start and four additional times throughout.
Guidelines recommend stroke rehab begins within seven days and continues for up to six months.
But many opt out of the therapy because they lack physical stability or are unable to fully use their arms.
The American Stroke Association says flexibility and muscle strength training, including yoga and Tai Chi, are reported to improve balance, quality of life and mental health - while reducing fear of falling.
The ancient practice has also been linked with reducing high blood pressure and relieving symptoms of cancer, heart failure, osteoarthritis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Stroke is the 5th leading cause of death in the U.S. There are around 7 million stroke survivors in the U.S, according to UTMB health.
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